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Ugly History: The 1937 Haitian Massacre - Edward Paulino

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When historians talk about the atrocities of the 20th century, we often think of those that took place during and between the two World Wars. But two months before the Rape of Nanking in China, and a year before Kristallnacht in Germany, a horrific ethnic cleansing campaign occurred on an island between the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. Edward Paulino details the 1937 Haitian
Massacre.

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Meet The Creators

  • Educator Edward Paulino
  • Director Tomás Pichardo-Espaillat
  • Script Editor Alex Gendler
  • Animator Tomás Pichardo-Espaillat
  • Composer Cem Misirlioglu, Brooks Ball
  • Associate Producer Elizabeth Cox, Jessica Ruby
  • Content Producer Gerta Xhelo
  • Editorial Producer Alex Rosenthal
  • Narrator Addison Anderson

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Additional Resources for you to Explore
This article, 80 Years On, Dominicans And Haitians Revisit Painful Memories Of Parsley Massacre will provide more information about this massacre and its long-term effects on the people in the area. How can someone who pronounces the word "parsley" differently than another person end up being the victim of a massacre? Click here and learn more about this horrific story.

How are the relations between the Dominican Republic and Haiti today? This article and audio recording from NPR will answer this question! What is this border like today? Click here and find out.

What else is happening today on the island of Hispaniola? This article might offer some insight into this! The Dominican Republic and Haiti: one island, two nations, lots of trouble is also another resource to consider.

This book written by the educator also addresses the massacre, along with the following titles: 

Alexis, Jacques Stephen. General Sun, My Brother. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 1999.

Alvarez, Julia. In the Time of the Butterflies. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin Press, 2010.

Baud, Michel, Roberto Cassá, Raymundo González, and Pedro San Miguel, eds. Política, identidad y pensamiento social en la República Dominicana siglos xix y xx. Madrid: Dos Calles, 1999.

Bickel, Keith B. Mars Learning: The Marine Corps Development of Small Wars Doctrine, 1915–194 0. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2001.

Calder, Bruce. Impact of Intervention: The Dominican Republic during the U.S. Occupation of 1916 –1924. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1984.

Candelario, Ginetta E. B. Black behind the Ears: Dominican Racial Identity from Museums to Beauty Shops. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2007.

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Chez Checo, José. La República Dominicana y Haití: Síntesis histórica de su problema fronterizo. Santo Domingo: Colección Historia Total, 1997.

Complete Presidential Press Conferences of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Vols. 9–10, 1937. New York: Da Capo Press, 1972

Cuello Hernández, José Israel. Documentos del conflicto domínico-haitiano de 1937. Santo Domingo: Editora Taller, 1985

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Franco, Franklin J., Historia del pueblo dominicano. Vol. 2. Santo Domingo: Editora Ta l le r, 19 9 2 .

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Galíndez, Jesús de. The Era of Trujillo: Dominican Dictator. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 1973.

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Hoetink, Harry. The Dominican People 1850–1900. Notes for a Historical Sociology. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

Howard, David. Colouring the Nation: Race and Ethnicity in the Dominican Republic. Oxford: Signal Books Limited, 2001

Inquiry into Occupation and Administration of Haiti and Santo Domingo. Statements by Haitians and Dominicans, and U.S. Senators. U.S. Senate Hearings before a Select Committee on Haiti and Santo Domingo, 67th Congress, 1st and 2nd Session,
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Lockward, Alanna. Un Haití dominicano. Tatuajes fantasmas y narrativas bilaterales (1994 –2014). Santo Domingo: Editorial Santuario, 2014.

Lozano, Wilfredo. La cuestión haitiana en Santo Domingo: Migración internacional, desarrollo y relaciones inter-estatales entre Haití y República Dominicana. Miami, FL: FLACSO, 1992.

Manley. Elizabeth S. The Politics of Paternalism: Women and the Politics of Authoritarianism in the Dominican Republic. Gainesville, FL: The University Press of Florida, 2017.

Martínez, Samuel. “Not a Cockfight: Rethinking Haitian-Dominican Relations.” Latin American Perspectives 30, no. 3 (May 2003): 80-101.

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Wucker, Michele. Why the Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians, and the Struggle for Hispaniola. NY: Hill and Wang, 2000.

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About TED-Ed Originals

TED-Ed Original lessons feature the words and ideas of educators brought to life by professional animators. Are you an educator or animator interested in creating a TED-Ed original? Nominate yourself here »

Meet The Creators

  • Educator Edward Paulino
  • Director Tomás Pichardo-Espaillat
  • Script Editor Alex Gendler
  • Animator Tomás Pichardo-Espaillat
  • Composer Cem Misirlioglu, Brooks Ball
  • Associate Producer Elizabeth Cox, Jessica Ruby
  • Content Producer Gerta Xhelo
  • Editorial Producer Alex Rosenthal
  • Narrator Addison Anderson

Share

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