Speech acts: Constative and performative - Colleen Glenney Boggs
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Performative utterances (or performatives) are defined in the speech acts theory as sentences which are not only passively describing a given reality, but they are changing the (social) reality they are describing.
John Rogers Searle (born July 31, 1932) is an American philosopher and currently the Slusser Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley. He argued in his 1989 article How Performatives Work that performatives are true/false just like constatives.
J. L. Austin originally assumed that stating something and performing an illocutionary act are mutually exclusive.
To learn more about the philosophy of language, check out the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Long, fancy words designed to show off your intelligence and vocabulary are all very well, but they aren't always the best words. In this short, playful video Terin Izil explains why simple, punchy language is often the clearest way to convey a message.
Don’t take the easy route! Instead, use this little trick to improve your writing -- let go of the words “good” and “bad,” and push yourself to illustrate, elucidate and illuminate your world with language.
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