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Why were there three popes at the same time? - Joëlle Rollo-Koster


745 Questions Answered

TEDEd Animation

Let’s Begin…

For almost two millennia, the Pope has been a figure of supreme spiritual authority for Catholics around the world. But in the late 14th century, Catholics found themselves with not one, not two, but three popes. Where did this plethora of popes come from? And who among them was the genuine article? Joëlle Rollo-Koster shares the origins of this papal predicament.

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Meet The Creators

  • Educator Joëlle Rollo-Koster
  • Director Kaspar Jancis
  • Narrator Adrian Dannatt
  • Storyboard Artist Kaspar Jancis
  • Animator Dashka Dementeva, Viktoria Shmidt
  • Compositor Viktoria Shmidt
  • Art Director Gyopár Orsolya Buzási
  • Composer Kaspar Jancis
  • Sound Designer Bruno Quast
  • Director of Production Gerta Xhelo
  • Produced by Anna Bechtol, Abdallah Ewis
  • Editorial Director Alex Rosenthal
  • Editorial Producer Dan Kwartler
  • Script Editor Alex Gendler
  • Fact-Checker Charles Wallace

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