Who decides what art means? - Hayley Levitt
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Literary critic Ivor Armstrong Richards helped lay the foundation for New Criticism in 1929 with Practical Criticism. In this book, Richards described an experiment he conducted on his students, where he had them analyze a selection of poems without access to any additional background information. John Crowe Ransom was the critic who eventually gave the movement its name with his 1941 volume of essays called The New Criticism.
For a modern take on the debate surrounding authorial intent, read this New York Times column titled Should an Author’s Intentions Matter?
Check out this Washington Post article titled The Literary Theory Idea that Explains How We Talk About Pop Culture.
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