What are the universal human rights? - Benedetta Berti
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Take a look at the ‘core’ human rights instruments and at the UN bodies set up to protect human rights and monitor their implementation.
Outside the United Nations, regional-based human rights documents also emerged across the world, such as the European Convention on Human Rights, the American Convention on Human Rights; and the African Union Charter of Human and People's Rights. In each case these regional instruments are designed to strengthen the monitoring and enforcement of human rights law, for example by setting up local bodies to advise states on how to better defend human rights and, in certain cases, to investigate violations.
But protecting and defending human rights is not just a job for the international system and/or for individual states. Civil society has played a key role in monitoring, investigating and defending human rights across the globe. Today, many human rights organizations, such as Human Rights Watch or Amnesty International as well as countless small local groups work to advance the rights of all humans.
A few more resources to get you started:
H. Steiner and P. Alston, International Human Rights in Context. Law, Politics, Morals
L. Hunt, Inventing Human Rights: A History
J. Donnelly, Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice
A. Ahmed An-Na'im, Human Rights in Cross-Cultural Perspectives A Quest for Consensus
M. A. Glendon, A World Made New: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
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