The rise and fall of the Kingdom of Man - Andrew McDonald
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Explore a digitized version of the Chronicles of the kings of Man and the Isles from the British Library, which now holds the original manuscript. Although it doesn’t provide a full translation of the document, there are images of several folios (pages) which illustrate the appearance of the original text. Worth noting: it’s handwritten, in Latin (like many medieval texts), highlighting some of the challenges of working with historical documents from this period.
This nineteenth-century collection of materials relating to the medieval history of the Isle of Man. Volume 2 contains many documents relating to the history of the kingdom of Man and the Isles, including some documents issued by the sea kings. These documents often relate to either ecclesiastical history in the Isles or to the foreign relations of the sea kings and provide a great deal of important information that supplements the Chronicle mentioned above. Practice your skills of source analysis and historical interpretation on some of these important documents:
· Charter of King Olaf Godredsson – the son of Godred Crovan – of AD 1134, establishing a bishopric within his territory and founding a monastery (Rushen Abbey) on the Isle of Man. What does the document reveal about King Olaf, his brand of kingship, and his conception of his kingdom?· King Henry III of England informs his officials in Ireland that King Olaf of Man (d. 1237) is to perform coast guard duty in the Irish Sea; AD 1235. (This document is referred to in the Lesson and would offer a good opportunity to connect a specific document to a point in the lesson.) What are the terms on which King Olaf is to assist King Henry III? What does the document suggest about the relations between the two kingdoms, and about the nature of the Kingdom of Man and the Isles?
Manx National Heritage is the government organization responsible for the Isle of Man’s special places, heritage sites, archives and museum collections. There is information on their website about important historical sites in the Isle of Man including some of those dating from the period of the kingdom of Man and the Isles. Here is another resource about Thing Sites across the Viking world and including detailed information on Tynwald in the Isle of Man.
To learn more about this subject, read the book The Sea Kings: The Late Norse Kingdoms of Man and the Isles, c. 1066-1275 by Andrew McDonald who is the educator of this TED-Ed lesson.
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