How does the Nobel Peace Prize work? - Adeline Cuvelier and Toril Rokseth
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Interested in how someone is nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize? Find out more about the nomination and selection of Nobel Peace Prize laureates at this link!
Exactly who are the Nobel Peace Prize laureates? Dig into the list of all Nobel Peace Prize laureates and find out.
Who is Alfred Nobel? Watch this TED-Ed lesson to learn more about Alfred Nobel and the invention of dynamite. Why did the inventor of dynamite created a peace prize? When Alfred Nobel's will was made public after his death in December 1896, and it was disclosed that he had established a special peace prize. This immediately created a great international sensation. The name Nobel was connected with explosives and inventions useful to the art of making war, but certainly not with questions related to peace. In the literature on Alfred Nobel, there exist different interpretations of his ideas and involvement in the peace question. In some works, it is claimed that the interest in peace accompanied Alfred Nobel since his youth. In other writings, it is stated that he did not come to reflect over questions of mankind's fate until quite late. Read more about it in this article.
All Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden, except for the Nobel Peace Prize, which is awarded in Oslo, Norway. Why the different locations? Alfred Nobel, declared that the Nobel Peace Prize should be awarded by a Norwegian committee. Nobel himself never told anybody why he didn't give a Swedish body the task of awarding the Peace Prize. Consequently, we can only speculate what made Nobel decide to give the task of selecting the peace prize committee to the Norwegian Parliament. There have been a number of suggestions, many of them are explained in this article.
Why are the individuals and organizations awarded a Nobel Prize called Nobel Laureates? The word "Laureate" refers to being signified by the laurel wreath. In Greek mythology, the god Apollo is represented wearing a laurel wreath on his head. A laurel wreath is a circular crown made of branches and leaves of the bay laurel. In Ancient Greece, laurel wreaths were awarded to victors as a sign of honor - both in athletic competitions and in poetic meets. For more on how Nobel Prize winners are selected, visit this Q&A by The New York Times.
Wonder why Mahatma Gandhi was never awarded the Nobel Peace Prize? Read this article about the Missing Laureate.
Interested in learning more about the Nobel Peace Prize laureates mentioned in the lesson? Click on their names.
Fridtjof Nansen (1922) Jane Addams (1931) The Quakers (1947) Martin Luther King, jr. (1964) Desmond Tutu (1984) The 14th Dalai Lama (1989) Aung San Suu Kyi (1991) Rigoberta Menchu Tum (1992) Jody Williams (1997) Martti Ahtisaari (2008) Malala Yousafzai (2014)
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