Create and share a new lesson based on this one.

About TED-Ed Originals

TED-Ed Original lessons feature the words and ideas of educators brought to life by professional animators. Are you an educator or animator interested in creating a TED-Ed original? Nominate yourself here »

Meet The Creators

  • Educator David B. Parker
  • Director Avi Ofer
  • Script Editor Alex Gendler
  • Animator Avi Ofer
  • Illustrator Avi Ofer
  • Composer Marcos Tawil
  • Associate Producer Jessica Ruby
  • Content Producer Gerta Xhelo
  • Editorial Producer Alex Rosenthal
  • Narrator Addison Anderson


Additional Resources for you to Explore
A good reproduction of the first edition of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, featuring the wonderful color illustrations of W. W. Denslow, is available at the Internet Archive.

Henry Littlefield, who came up with the popular interpretation described in the lesson, wrote about his experiences later in The Baum Bugle, which is the journal of the International Wizard of Oz Club.

In Oz, Populism, and Intent, Ranjit S. Dighe,argues that “just because the book can be read as a Populist allegory does not mean that it was written as one.”

Contrasting interpretations are explored in “The Fork in the Yellow Brick Road.”

The BBC discussed still other readings of the book here.

What is your interpretation of the book?