Interested in knowing more about the glycemic index?
The glycemic index is a ranking system that depicts the glycemic response (change in blood glucose) caused by a food. The index was originally created to help people with Type 2 Diabetes
make better food choices, but has been used in many additional settings including cardiovascular health and sports performance. The glycemic index of a food can vary depending on meal composition, cooking or processing measures, ripeness, etc. Furthermore, the glycemic index does not take in to account the amount of food chosen (i.e. a bite of white bread and an entire loaf of white bread has the same glycemic index). As such, an additional system called the "glycemic load
" was subsequently created. This system takes into account both the glycemic index of a food and the amount of a food eaten.
is a constellation of symptoms that increase your risk of developing cardiovascular disease or Type 2 diabetes. The underlying cause of metabolic syndrome is thought to be insulin resistance. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increasing significantly world-wide. There are five diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome:
1.Fasting blood glucose ≥100 mg/dL
2.Blood pressure ≥130/≥85 or taking a medication to lower blood pressure
3.Waist circumference ≥35 inches for women or ≥40 inches in men
(fat in your blood) ≥150 mg/dL
("good" cholesterol) ≤50 for women or ≤40 in men
is a condition where the body makes insulin, but the tissues response to that insulin is blunted. Insulin resistance is thought to be the underlying cause of metabolic syndrome, and is a hallmark of Type 2 Diabetes. Insulin resistance can lead to weight gain and disruptions in blood-fat levels ("triglycerides") and good cholesterol (HDL-cholesterol).