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CLT 2016 Improving Web Accessibility

Video from NFLRChawaii YouTube Channel

Let’s Begin…

Welcome CLT 2016 Improving Web Accessibility TedEd Lesson. You will find the webinar recording links in the Dig Deeper session.
Additional Resources for you to Explore
Webinar Part I : What is accessibility and why is it important to me?
Webinar Part II : How can I make my web contents accessible?

Improving Web Accessibility Webinar
PART I: What is Accessibility and why is it important for me?

What is Accessibility & Why is it important?
When we see the word accessibility, people immediately think about Section 508 and ADA. However, most people are not familiar with the definitions.

In 1998, Congress amended the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 to require Federal agencies to make their electronic and information technology (EIT) accessible to people with disabilities. The law (29 U.S.C. § 794 (d)) applies to all Federal agencies when they develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic and information technology. Under Section 508, agencies must give disabled employees and members of the public access to information that is comparable to access available to others. The United States Access Board discusses the Section 508 law and its responsibility for developing accessibility standards for EIT to incorporate into regulations that govern Federal procurement practices.” - Section 508, the law.

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) prohibits discrimination and ensures equal opportunity for persons with disabilities in employment, State and local government services, public accommodations, commercial facilities, and transportation.” - ADA, the law.

Accessibility & Higher Education:
In June 29, 2010, a Dear Colleague was sent to University Presidents:

As officials of the agencies charged with enforcement and interpretation of the ADA and Section 504, we ask that you take steps to ensure that your college or university refrains from requiring the use of any electronic book reader, or other similar technology, in a teaching or classroom environment as long as the device remains inaccessible to individuals who are blind or have low vision. It is unacceptable for universities to use emerging technology without insisting that this technology be accessible to all students.” - Department of Justice Letter to University Presidents

In Addition, here are three accessibility lawsuit cases in higher education:
Harvard and MIT are sued over lack of closed caption Advocates for the blind sue Arizona State U. over Kindle use Penn State accused of discriminating against blind students
Accessibility & Faculty role

Here is an article from Inside Higher Ed talking about Online Accessibility A Faculty Duty. As a instructor at UH Manoa, it is important to know about Accessibility at UH Manoa.


PART II: How do I make my web pages/course materials accessible?

University Design for Learning (UDL)

A good place to start thinking about accessibility strategy is the Universal Design for Learning (UDL).

Universal Design for Learning is a set of principles for curriculum development that give all individuals equal opportunities to learn. UDL provides a blueprint for creating instructional goals, methods, materials, and assessments that work for everyone--not a single, one-size-fits-all solution but rather flexible approaches that can be customized and adjusted for individual needs.” - What is UDL

The three principles of UDL:
Principle I: Provide Multiple Means of Representation (the “what” of learning) Principle II: Provide Multiple Means of Action and Expression (the “how” of learning) Principle III: Provide Multiple Means of Engagement (the “why” of learning) The basic element across these UDL principles is “option”. Providing more than one options for your students in terms of course materials, communication, and engagement.

Some tips for making your web resources accessible: 
Image: Add Alternative Text Document: Use Headings PPT: Follow the layout (title & textbox). Provide alternate text if needed. PDF: PDF should not be a scanned image Video: Video should has closed caption or transcription Audio: Provide transcription URL: Don’t say “click here”, Color: don’t use color as the only way to navigate the web page

How do I test my website or blog for accessibility?

There are certain tools that can help you check if the website is accessible, for instance, Wave tool for web accessibility. Wave provides you a detailed report about the accessibility errors and alerts of the web site, however, it does not help you fix the website. You can find other tools in the Web Accessibility Evaluation Tool List.

To learning more about how to make the website accessible, you can visit the resources below:
NCDAE identifying web accessibility issues cheat sheet Making the website contents accessible Making the documents (Word, PDF, PPT) accessible? Video/Audio: transcription and captions, adding caption to Youtube video Fixing inaccessible PDFs (resources) Accessible Syllabus Checklist Accessibility for online course content - Portland Community College
How do I find accessible web tools for my class?
An easy way is to read about their accessibility policy, here are a couple examples:
Zoom Accessibility
Google Accessibility
Voicethread Accessibility

First, review these two websites: 1. http://evuk.co.uk/ ; 2.http://www.csszengarden.com/ . Which website do you think is more accessible? Please explain your reasons.
10/11/2016 • 
 1 Response
 / 1 Updates

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