What would you name a hurricane?
Lesson created by TED Education using
Video from jeremiahjw YouTube Channel
There's no book of hurricane names. Rather, there are some rotating lists. Simply stated, hurricanes are given their names when they are in the tropical storm phase. If a hurricane causes unprecedented damage or loss of life, the name will be retired and never used again. The convention isn't as complex as one might think, but it's incredibly interesting to learn how it all happens.
Learn which famous hurricanes made their mark on weather history including some retired hurricane names. http://www.severe-weather-fan.com/famous-hurricanes.html
In the Atlantic Ocean, tropical storms that reach a sustained wind speed of 39 miles per hour are given a name (such as Tropical Storm Fran). If the storm reaches a sustained wind speed of 74 miles per hour it is called a hurricane (such as Hurricane Fran). So, hurricanes are not given names, tropical storms are given names. They simply retain their name if they develop into a hurricane. The names that will be used for recent and future Atlantic storms are listed in the table here: http://geology.com/hurricanes/hurricane-names.shtml
There are distinct levels of progression as a storm becomes a hurricane. The first stage is a tropical disturbance, which is essentially a significant cluster of showers and thunderstorms. As it becomes a tropical depression, it is slightly more organized and the winds pick up to 25 to 38 mph (40 to 61 km/h). It is classified as a tropical storm when winds reach 39 to 73 mph (62 to 117 km/h). Once the winds reach 74 mph, it is classified as a hurricane and its intensity is measured by the Saffir-Simpson Scale. http://www.livescience.com/22177-hurricanes-typhoons-cyclones.html
Find out some incredible facts about hurricanes here: http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2012/10/how-hurricanes-are-named/
Hurricane names are determined by the World Meteorological Organization in Geneva.